The Right Write Midterm Exam Review
Fall 2011
A. Thesis Statements:
  1. Functions and Purposes of a Thesis Statement
  • To announce the topic to the reader
  • To reflect a judgment about the topic
  • To provide the reader with a blueprint for what is to come in the paper

  1. Four steps to writing a thesis statement:
    1. Re-state the assignment or topic.
    2. Take a position on the issue.
    3. Briefly state your reasons why/how.
    4. Revise: take out any wordiness or vague ideas, and make sure the thesisrelates to the topic.

B. Topic Sentence:the most important sentence in your paragraph, which clearly states the subject and main idea of the whole paragraph
  1. A good topic sentence:
  • informs the reader of the subject that will be discussed in the paragraph
  • asserts the writer’s point of view or attitude
  • intrigues the reader to continue reading
  • creates a sense of action
  • is not vague, rambling, too narrow or too broad

C. Types of Sentences:
  1. A simple sentence consists of an independent clause, so it contains a subject and a verb.
  2. A compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences joined by
    1. a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so): The dog barked, and the cat yowled.
    2. a semicolon: The dog barked; the cat yowled.
    3. a comma, but ONLY when the simple sentences are being treated as items in a series: The dog barked, the cat yowled, and the rabbit chewed.
    4. A complex sentence consists of a combination of an independent clause and a dependent clause.
    5. A compound-complex sentenceconsists of a combination of a compound sentence and a complex sentence

D. Subject and Predicates:
  1. The simple subject is the essential noun or pronoun that cannot be left out of the complete subject.
  2. The simple predicate is the essential verb or verb phrase that cannot be left out of the complete predicate.
  3. The complete subject contains who or what the sentence is about.
  4. The complete predicate contains what is happening (the verb).

E. Compare/Contrast: VennDiagramTemplate.doc